How Does God Relate to Time?

God has no beginning or end. He is an eternal being. What’s does that mean? Who created God? What’s all this mean? We’ll look into that today.

What does it mean that God’s eternal?

God has no beginning, end, or succession of moments in His own being. He sees all time equally vividly, yet God sees events in time.

Time doesn’t limit or change God. He has no beginning or end (Psalm 90:2; Job 36:26; Revelation 1:8). God exists in an ever-present “now”, as indicated by His name in Exodus 3:14 “I AM WHO I AM.” He doesn’t need any wrinkle cream.

Who created God?

A major atheist argument against God. Everything has a beginning. Except for God, He is the uncaused first cause, a being of pure actuality. Down at the end of this post look over the Doctrine of God links for more in-depth information.

Being infinite Himself, there isn’t any room for another infinite. Here’s how it relates to time.

There wasn’t any matter or anti-matter before God created the universe (Genesis 1:1; John 1:3; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:2). Matter, space, and time must all occur together. Time as we know it didn’t exist before them.

Like everything, time depends on God to sustain it. However we measure it, we know it’s passing in a succession of moments. We see the effects of it.

While we have a hard time remembering the past, our personal past, to God all of His existence is present, seeing it all equally vividly (Psalm 90:4). 2nd Peter 3:8 indicates that any one day is always present in God’s consciousness.

How does God see time?

Any long period of time is if as it just happened. Christ has just died for our sins, rose, and ascended to God, despite being almost 2,000 years ago. That’s why God’s plans seem to take forever to us. A short period of time seems to stretch towards eternity, ever-present in His consciousness.

Consider what that means to you and God. You’re always on His mind. This moment is ever-present in His mind as He watches and is involved.

It’s not just a patient endurance, it’s a qualitatively different experience of time than we have. God is timeless, and He alone knows the future (Isaiah 45:21; 46:9-10).

How is God timeless?

He stands above time, able to see it all as if it’s just happening. Think of a book you just finished, it’s all fresh in your mind. That’s how it is with God, except He can act in time.

In Acts 17:30-31, God tells how He acted in the past, will act now, and how He will act in the future. Old Testament prophecies are God saying He’ll do                    and later doing it perfectly hundreds of years later. The Bible is God’s record of the way He has moved and will move over time to bring redemption to His people.

Will we be timeless when we die?

No, we’ll just experience an unending duration of time. Us, the angels, and creation never existed at one point. C.S Lewis said to remember whenever you speak to someone, that you’re speaking with an immortal.

Doctrine of the Bible Posts
How Did We Get The Bible?
Is The Bible The Word of God and Does It Matter?
Is The Bible Inerrant?
Is The Bible Necessary?
Is The Bible Sufficient?

Doctrine of God Posts
Is There A God? 
How Can We Know God?
What Is God Like?
Does God Depend On or Need Anything To Exist?
Does God Change?

How Can God Be Both Infinite and Personal?


Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine by Wayne Grudem
Chapter 11: Incommunicable Attributes of God

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