Let’s look some more at Section 9. And how it limits Congress.
What? What are those? A Bill of Attainder is making some group illegal and tossing them in jail without a trial, and the ex post facto law is making something illegal and retroactively charging people with that crime or grandfathering in past groups. Ex: Gun ban, and upon confiscation everyone is charged for possession.
No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
Capitation, a poll tax or, or a uniform payment from each person. Herein, in view of this. Best I can figure this one is taxes should be proportionate if its a fee.
No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.
This is easier, no taxes on items shipped between the states.
No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.
No laws benefiting on state over the other, or for ships to have to pay a government tax or fee, or have to enter another state’s ports.
The Federal Government used to have a lot less power, now some of our very thoughts are illegal. Next week we finish Section 9.